Equatarianism - Hedonism Made Whole

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Don't write using prose you wouldn't use in conversation: if you wouldn't say it, don't write it. Barbara Herman (1993) has urged philosophers to “leave deontology behind” as an understanding of Kant’s moral theory on the grounds that the conception of practical reason grounding the Categorical Imperative is itself a conception of value. Philosophers have managed to provide accounts of ethics that do not depend at all on any theistic assumptions. Another problem with this argument is that it does not follow from the fact that cultures and individuals differ in moral practices that they do not share common values.

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SIDDHARTHA [ANNOTATED]

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Argument no. 1 states: Since cultures and individuals differ in certain moral practices, there are no objective moral values. If your neighbor believes they are the reincarnation of Jesus, we’re likely to assume they’re wrong. Nor is there any school of thought which refuses to admit that the influence of actions on happiness is a most material and even predominant consideration in many of the details of morals, however unwilling to acknowledge it as the fundamental principle of morality, and the source of moral obligation.

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The Prince (Alma Evergreens)

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In other words, the last end—the end or good that we desire for its own sake—is happiness, whereby “happiness” Aquinas means the sort of perfection or fulfillment just described. By the ethical standards proposed in the modern day society (Hume and Schopenhaeur believe that it is a fundamental mistake to conceive ... To do this, your paper does have to show some independent thinking. Adam,, are expelled from the Garden of Eden for disobeying God and eating of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil [Genesis 3:24].

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The participant self

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It aims at individual good as well as social good, the good of mankind as a whole. Subjective relativists are objectivists with regard neither to reality nor to our knowledge. Analogously, the axiomatic core of ethics may include such "obvious" yet unproven (and probably unprovable) assumptions as these: It is better to be healthy than sick. Understanding the correct ethical path is relatively easy, simply use the golden rule.

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A System of Moral Philosophy: In Three Books (Cambridge

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Stephen thinks the answer to both these questions is 'no'. It is easily seen that the former violate strict or rigorous (inflexible) duty; the latter only laxer (meritorious) duty. But in such a case the so-called moral imperative, which as such appears to be categorical and unconditional, would in reality be only a pragmatic precept, drawing our attention to our own interests, and merely teaching us to take these into consideration. Personal morality has no external guidelines.

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The frontier schoolmaster: the autobiography of a teacher

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Nietzsche thought that each individual needs to create their own moral system: the point of morality is to enable each individual to sublimate and control their passions, in order to emphasise the creativity inherent in their being. Hence the human tendency to become less ethically flexible when under threat. The individual worthy of respect is active, defining an essence through his or her actions. The study of the history of ethics counteracts this problem of perspective.

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Philosophy of conduct: a treatise of the facts, principles

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For evil is a deprivation of what is actual, like blindness or sickness. Pretty much, but it isn't particularly essential to live this way. For, as a rational being, he necessarily wills that his faculties be developed, since they serve him, and have been given him, for all sorts of possible purposes. 4. A FOIA office would agree with him on specific records. 1. Ethical systems are enforced and codified for the “public good.” Laws are based on the ethical system of a society.

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The Ethical Problem

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Moral courage is needed to confront unethical behaviors. Kant substitutes something that is actually Sisyphean -- the endless task of perfecting our duty. The Groundwork is just what its title implies: a groundwork or foundation for later work in ethics. This is,firstly, the concept of a will that does not operate through theinfluence of factors outside of this responsiveness to apparentreasons. The asymmetry between egoistic and altruistic moral aestheticism, that one is a fallacy and the other isn't, is due to the circumstance that morality limits the pursuit of self-interest and posits respect for others.

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Elements of Moral Science

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Moreover, we cannot better serve the wishes of those who ridicule all morality as a mere chimera of human imagination overstepping itself from vanity, than by conceding to them that notions of duty must be drawn only from experience (as from indolence, people are ready to think is also the case with all other notions); for this is to prepare for them a certain triumph. The philosophy of naturalism--that what is studied by science is all that there is--best describes the universe; we have no knowledge of the supernatural and cannot rely on it.

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Roar!: Animal Rights Handbook

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The first formulation of the categorical imperative appears similar to the Golden Rule: “Do not impose on others what you do not wish for yourself.” Kant’s first categorical imperative sounds like a paraphrase of the Golden Rule. No, yet there are ways to act that are inherently more conducive to the self-interest of the person who is acting. I agree 100% that morals are based in cultures and religions. The question was: can we be good without God?

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